Hydraulics play a crucial role in the function of many machines that industries depend on, including the heavy equipment used for construction, mining, landscaping, forestry and other applications. Hydraulics enable equipment to operate with greater productivity and efficiency, allowing users to get more work done in less time.
Hydraulics rely on a motor-driven pump to propel pressurized fluid via hoses or tubes through the system under pressure. In a heavy construction machine, the fluid passes through valves and enters a cylinder, which converts hydraulic energy into mechanical energy. The valves also help to direct the flow of the liquid and regulate pressure as needed.
Hydraulic systems control the function of many components in heavy machinery. They enable booms to swing, lift arms to move upward and buckets to scoop dirt and other materials. They also play a significant role in the drive system's operation, which allows the engine to perform efficiently.
Hydraulics offer numerous advantages in machines ranging from backhoes and bulldozers to excavators and motor graders:
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